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Free Materials

In our attempt to add value to your development efforts, we are eager to highlight free technical resources. However, we must advise caution concerning the accuracy and value of these resources. We accept no responsibility for the use of these resources.

Technical Papers

1. Are We Teaching Electricity the Wrong Way? Bernie Hobbs

2. Nickel-Plated Traces, Howard Johnson

3. Nickel-Gold Plating Copper PCB traces, Polar Instruments

4. How Hot Is My Via? (Cooler Than You Think!),” Douglas Brooks, Johannes Adam

1. Problems and Promises of BTCs (Bottom Terminated Components), Ray Prasad
2. DFM Guidelines for BGAs and LGAs, Dale Lee

1. Effective Strategies for Choosing and Locating Printed Circuit Board Decoupling Capacitors, Todd Hubing

2. 20-H Rule Modeling and Measurements, Hwan W, Shim & Todd H. Hubing

3. Effects of 20-H Rule and Shielding Vias on Electromagnetic Radiation from Printed Circuit Boards, Chen &Fang,
Dept of Electrical Engineering, University of California at Santa Cruz
4. 90 Degree Corners: The Final Turn, Doug Brooks
5. BGA Crosstalk, Dr Howard Johnson
6. Model for Estimating Radiated Emissions from a Printed Circuit Board with Attached Cables, Due to Voltage Driven Sources, Hwan-Woo Shim & Todd Hubing
7. Printed Circuit Board EMI Source Mechanisms, Todd Hubing

8. Estimation of Common Mode Radiated Emissions from Cables Attached to High-Speed PCB Using Imbalance Difference Model, Ahmed M. Sayegh and Mohd Zarar M. Jenu

9. Does a Heated Conductor Have Signal Integrity Implications,” Douglas Brooks, Johannes Adam and Ulisses Castro

Flex Circuits
1. Ask the Flexperts, Mark Finstad and Nick Koop, PCD&F Magazine column
2. Design and Assembly Process Principles for Flexible and Rigid Flex Circuits, Solberg, PCB West 2015

1. “Design and Construction Effects on PWB Reliability,” Paul Reid

2. “HDI’s Beneficial Influence on High-Frequency Signal Integrity,” Happy Holden
3. “The Future of HDI Via Structures, Power Delivery, and Thermal Management in Next-Generation Printed Circuits,” Tom Buck

High Speed/ Signal Integrity
1. “IBIS Output Impedance Made Easy,” Bert Simonovich

2. “A Treatment of Differential Signaling and Its Design Requirements,” Lee Ritchey

3. Anodes Crosstalk Overview, Intel, (Item 2 under the Electrical Properties Group) 
4. IBIS Models to Investigate Signal-Integrity, Bonnie C. Baker

Power Bus
1. Power Bus Decoupling Guidelines for Printed Circuit Boards with Closely Spaced Power Distribution Planes, Todd Hubing

2. Power Bus Decoupling Guidelines for Printed Circuit Boards with Widely Spaced Power Distribution Planes, Todd Hubing 
3. Power Bus Decoupling on Multilayer Printed Circuit Boards, Hubing, Drewniak, Van Doren & Hockanson,

4. PDN Application of Ferrite Beads, Steve Weir

5. PDN Design Strategies: III. Planes and Materials – Are They Important
Factors in Power Bus Design? Knighten, Archambeault, Fan, Selli, Xue, Connor, and Drewniak 

Switch Mode Power Supplies
1. The Analysis and Layout of a Switching Mode Power Supply, AIC

2. Considerations in Designing the Printed Circuit Boards of Embedded Switching Power Supplies, Marty Brown



  • The Hitchhiker’s Guide to PCB Design, EMA Design Automation, 2019, https://pages.ema-eda.com/Hitchhikers-Guide-to-PCB-Design?utm_source=pcea
  • Printed Circuits Handbook, Seventh Edition, Clyde Coombs, 2016, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 978-0-07-183395-0
  • Bebop to the Boolean Boogie, Clive Maxfield, 1995, HighText Publications, ISBN: 1-878707-22-1
  • Printed Circuit Board – Designer’s Reference: Basics, Christopher T. Robertson, 2003, Prentice
  • Hall Modern Semiconductor Design Series, ISBN: 9780130674814
  • Maxwell’s Equations Without the Calculus, Douglas Brooks, Amazon, 2016, ISBN: 1523634391


  • Principals of Power Integrity for PDN Design Simplified, Larry D. Smith and Eric Bogatin, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 978-0-13-273555-1
  • Fast Circuit Boards – Energy Management, Ralph Morrison, Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 978-1-119-41399-8
  • PCB Design for Real-World EMI Control, Bruce R. Archambeault, 2002, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, ISBN: 978-1-4757-3642-7
    Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering, 2nd Edition, Henry Ott, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN:978-0-470-18930-6
  • EMI Troubleshooting Cookbook for Product Designers, Patrick G. André and Kenneth Wyatt, ISBN: 978-1-61355-019-1
  • Grounding and Shielding Techniques, 6th edition, Ralph Morrison, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN: 978-1-119-18374-7


  • The HDI Handbook, Happy Holden, 2009, BR Publishing, Inc., ISBN 978-0-9796189-1-8
  • BGA Breakouts and Routing: Effective Design Methods for Very Large BGAs, Charles Pfeil, 2008

High Speed/ Signal Integrity

  • High Speed Constraint Values (E-Book and Calculator), Charles Pfeil, 2020, https://pcdandf.com/pcdesign/index.php/constraints
  • Right the First Time, volume 1, Lee Ritchey, 2003, ISBN: 0-9741936-0-7
  • Right the First Time, volume 2, Lee Ritchey, 2007, ISBN: 0-9741936-1-5
  • High-Speed Digital System Design, Hall, Hall, and McCall, 2000, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0-471-36090-2
  • High-Speed Digital Design- A Handbook of Black Magic, Howard W. Johnson and Martin Graham, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0-13-395724-1
  • High Speed Signal Propagation- Advanced Black Magic, Howard W. Johnson and Martin Graham, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0-13-084408-X
  • The Printed Circuit Designer’s Guide to Secrets of High-Speed PCBs, Martyn Gaudion Polar Instruments, ISBN: 9780998288505
  • Signal Integrity Issues in PCB Design, Douglas Brooks, 2003,
    ISBN: 9780131418844
  • PCB Currents: How They Flow, How They React, Douglas Brooks, Prentice Hall, 2013, ISBN: 0134878477
  • UltraCAD’s Best Articles and Applications Notes, Amazon, 2022

Flex Circuits

  • Flexible Circuit Technology, 4th edition, Joseph Fjelsted, 2011
  • Handbook of Flexible Circuits, 2nd edition, Ken Gilleo, 1992

Thermal Issues

  • PCB Design Guide to Via and Trace Currents and Temperatures,Douglas Brooks, Johannes Adam, Artech House, 2021, ISBN: 1630818607